This unfinished page contains text from either the 2003 or 2005 print version of Encyclopedia of Surfing. An updated version, with more photos, is coming soon.

A circular pattern on the wave face, formed as a swell passes over a raised area on the bottom—usually a large rock or cluster of rocks. Boils are generally a red flag, as they indicate shallow water. They can also be difficult to traverse, as the boil's perimeter will often grab the rail of a surfboard, and because the water within can be unstable. Boils are greatly affected by tides, and a boil...

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