This unfinished page contains text from either the 2003 or 2005 print version of Encyclopedia of Surfing. An updated version, with more photos, is coming soon.

Roiling, bubbling, aerated water produced as a wave curls over and breaks. The force and power of whitewater varies tremendously, from playful and bubbly—beginning surfers almost always learn to surf on small inshore whitewater waves—to strong enough to break ships, destroy piers, and level beachfront homes. Surfers occasionally drown from being held under by whitewater. If the wave is especially ...

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