This unfinished page contains text from either the 2003 or 2005 print version of Encyclopedia of Surfing. An updated version, with more photos, is coming soon.

Territorial practice whereby resident surfers in a given area try to exclude nonresident surfers through threat, intimidation, and occasionally violence; a predictable, if rarely defensible, surf world response to overcrowding. Localism wasn't named until the late 1960s, but the practice itself pre-dates World War II. Visiting California surfers Gene "Tarzan" Smith and Tom Zahn were both harassed,...

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